Many scientists and authorities working in conservation, including the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), proclaim that when managed properly, trophy hunting can be beneficial for conservation. For areas that are not viable for ecotourism (because they are not large, accessible or attractive enough), wildlife and their habitat must prove their economic worth or risk being replaced. Local people may convert habitat to farmland, or illegally poach animals, to earn much-needed income.
With trophy hunting, the money generated from killing a small number of animals can convince communities that large swathes of habitat and wildlife should be protected. Trophy hunters also have a lighter footprint than safaris: only a few, very wealthy people partake in trophy hunting, meaning less carbon emissions and infrastructure is needed to host them.
Some of the money generated from trophy hunting also goes back into conservation. In Zambia, hunting revenues have been used to train and hire village scouts for anti-poaching activities. In Namibia, the revenues generated from trophy hunting have reduced poaching, and led to the recovery of zebra populations. The spectacular rebound of the white rhino in Africa from just 50 individuals to over 20,000 today is partly attributed to controlled trophy hunting, as the revenues generated were channeled into conservation efforts.