What do modern martial arts practised in Asia have in common?

by Isabella Chua
But first, what are martial arts?
Bugei, budo, and the influence of Japanese martial arts
The postrevolutionary Soviet Union’s and Central Asia’s wrestling forms
Boxing’s myriad forms in different countries 
The “invented” martial arts
What techniques are emphasised in these martial forms?
Martial forms with grappling focus:
Martial forms with submission focus:
Martial forms with striking focus:
Uniformed uniforms
Gi category
Shirt and pants with external belt category
Boxing shorts category
Working together in harmony
Reimagining martial arts
Disclaimer: Our stories have been researched and fact-checked to the best of our abilities. Should you spot mistakes, inaccuracies, or have queries about our sources, please drop us an e-mail at
Isabella Chua / Senior Writer

Isabella loves to dig beyond what is ‘commonsensical’ or ‘natural’ to us, by looking at the larger forces (or even accidents), that may have structured these beliefs. A writer at Kontinentalist, she's particularly interested in social issues—religion, crime, identity, and food. While she strives to stay curious about the world by listening to podcasts and taking classes, she's happiest when eating pastries, cakes, and drinking tea.


Illustration / Griselda Gabriele
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