There have been several efforts to tackle the problem of slavery in the seafood industry. The Monterey Bay Aquarium has a Seafood Slavery Risk Tool that targets seafood buyers, and allows them to check slavery risk ratings to specific fisheries. The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) is also running a pilot project that aims to track the path of the tuna in the Pacific Islands, from catch to plate. There is also the Seafood Import Monitoring Program (SIMP), or Seafood Traceability Rule that permits data reporting and recording, keeping requirements for importation of priority fish identified to be vulnerable to “Illegal Unreported and Unregulated (IUU)” fishing. Fish 2.0 aims to link seafood industries to investors looking to fund more social and environmental positive impacts, hence making it attractive for investors and consumers to demand more transparency in the seafood industry supply chain.
If consumption of seafood is based on transparent information on nutrition and sustainability, consumers could perhaps then be a part of the movement to create change in industry practices and standards. By demanding for traceability and the ability to track exactly how and where the seafood comes from, sellers will be pressured to ensure that ethical and proper methods of catching are employed.
NGOs such as the Issara Institute and the EJ Foundation are also working on seafood traceability transparency, and are monitoring the slavery problem. Given the vastness of the Coral Triangle region which includes waters of Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, and Timor-Leste, regulating the seafood slavery problem or even tracking all of the fishing boats would prove a great challenge. This is especially so without the proper joint support of all governments for enforcement. As such, these waters still have a long way to go before they can be well patrolled and free of illegal, unregulated, and unreported (IUU) fishing activities.